Crackdown on political activists feared as 28 nabbed in 1 month

Those arrested were charged with cases in relation to New People’s Army ambuscades, which occurred in areas where they have never even set foot on. Is this part of another crackdown on political activists, this time by the Aquino administration?


MANILA – Renimelda Abiva, 53, could not stop crying as she spoke about the arrest of her son, Rene Boy on December 28.

Mrs. Abiva said she could not believe that her son, an employee of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) for more than two years, has been charged with murder in relation to an alleged ambush by the New People’s Army (NPA) in Tinoc, Ifugao on April 25 last year.

“My son has never been to Ifugao,” Mrs. Abiva told in an interview. “Why arrest someone who did not do anything wrong?”

Rene Boy, also an organizer of ACT Teachers party list, is one of the 28 activists arrested in a span of one month, according to human rights group Karapatan.

Mrs. Abiva, who travelled all the way from their hometown in Aritao, Nueva Vizcaya, 231 kilometers from Manila, to join a press conference, January 11, called on the Aquino administration to release her son and all the others who were slapped with fabricated charges.

Rene Boy’s wife, Mildred, said she initially thought her husband had been mistaken for somebody else. The policemen who went to their house were looking for a certain Rene Abiva, not Rene Boy Abiva. “But when Virgilio Corpuz was arrested and charged with the same case, I knew the arrests were politically motivated,” Mildred said.

Relatives and colleagues of political activists arrested call for immediate release of their loved ones .(Photo by Ronalyn V. Olea /

Corpus, 61, regional coordinator of Cagayan Valley for Pagkakaisa ng mga Samahan ng Tsuper at Opereytor Nationwide (Piston), was arrested January 4 at his home in Santiago City, Isabela. The arresting team, the Philippine National Police Regional Mobile Group, accused the Corpus of being a certain “Harold Castillo.”

Sixteen other individuals have been charged in connection with alleged NPA ambuscades. Among them are the two organizers of Courage, a federation of government employees unions, who were arrested on December 3 in Manila and detained in Daet, Camarines Norte.

Randy Vegas, 40, and Raul Camposano, 51, were arrested on the same day in two separate incidents. They later found out that they have been charged with murder, theft and frustrated murder. The charges were in connection with their alleged participation in an ambush by the New People’s Army (NPA) against the Armed Forces of the Philippines in Maot, Labo, Camarines Norte on April 29, 2012.

“The charges are clearly fabricated,” Ferdinand Gaite, Courage national president, said. “How can they [Vegas and Camposano] participate in two alleged NPA ambushes in Camarines Norte and in Ifugao in the same month?”

In an interview, Vegas’s wife, Teresa, who visited her husband during the holidays, said that prior to the arrest, she and her husband did not notice any threat or surveillance.

At the time of the arrest, Teresa said Vegas and Camposano were assisting the employees of the Metropolitan Development Authority (MMDA) in their campaign for the implementation of the Collective Negotiations Agreement.

“He told me to be strong,” Teresa said. “He said I must prepare myself for a long battle.”
Teresa, also an organizer of Courage, said she could not help but worry about her husband knowing how soldiers treat activists like them.

Included in the Labo, Camarines Norte charge sheet are Kilusang Mayo Uno-National Capital Region leaders Roy Velez and Amelita Gamara.

Others arrested were church worker Anecita Rojo in Bago City, Negros Occidental on December 7; farmers Dennis Ortiz, Eleceo Lopez and a 17-year-old boy, in Mulanay, Quezon on December 21.

Nineteen farmers, including three minors, were also arrested by soldiers in Isabela, Negros Occidental on December 13.

On Christmas day, Oligario Sebas, 65, was arrested in Negros Oriental and presented to the media as “Felimon Mendrez,” an alleged top-ranking NPA cadre in Central Visayas.

‘Silencing dissenting voices’

Cristina Palabay, Karapatan secretary general, said those arrested are not NPA fighters but activists involved in advocacy work for people’s rights and welfare.

“They are simple citizens, members and leaders of progressive organizations who are considered as enemies of the state and branded as NPAs,” Palabay said. “Clearly, the arrests aim to silence dissenting voices.”

The red baiting, Palabay said, is meant to justify the grave violations on civil and political rights of the victims.

For George San Mateo, Piston secretary general, the arrests also aim to demonize progressive party list organizations.

“The Aquino government has established a very dangerous pattern of inserting names in existing warrants of arrest to legitimize false charges and clamp down on persons whom it perceives as its enemies,” Palabay said.

The human rights defender likened Oplan Bayanihan to Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s Oplan Bantay Laya.

During the Arroyo administration, there were 342 activists arrested and detained, according to Karapatan.

As of November 2012, Karapatan recorded 123 political prisoners arrested and detained since Aquino assumed presidency.

Palabay said they are expecting the arrests to continue, citing the 235 list of alleged communist leaders in a Joint Order No. 14-2012 of the Department of National Defense and Department of Interior and Local Government (DND-DILG). The joint order places a P466.88 million ($11.38 million) reward for the capture of alleged communists in the list. (

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